Autumn is a time when care is required not only for fruit trees and flower beds with perennials, but also time that needs to be given to the lawn and trees. When preparing a garden for winter, you need to perform a whole range of tasks. Therefore, you should read this article in order not to forget about anything.
What work should be done in the fall
As you know, autumn is a hot time. After all, you need to prepare for winter. Cleaning leaves, processing shrubs, caring for trees, hiding grapes – all these are standard autumn tasks for almost every summer resident and gardener.
Cleaning of fallen leaves
Leaves and all plant residues from the lawn must be removed.
In natural nature, the lawn is more adapted to winter precipitation and any loads. A lawn specially planted in the garden is very soft, very tender and requires special care and attention. It was grown artificially, and every year, you may have to sow it, because the grass cover is very weak. Therefore, such an incorrect wintering leads to the fact that there are attacks of the lawn. You also need to comb the lawn with a rake.
Caring for raspberries
Berries such as raspberries overwinter without shelter. And what care does this berry require? The answer is simple!
We tie the branches with a small number of ropes and bend the raspberry bushes, giving them the desired shape. Berries such as raspberries do not require special care, in addition to removing dry twigs and cleaning dry leaves from the soil surface under the bushes.
So, as it turned out, for a beautiful lawn and large ripe berries next year, quite a lot is not needed. The article considered the simplest ways to realize the dream of every gardener-a well-groomed and fertile garden.
Pre-winter lawn care and aeration
Mowing the lawn before wintering is mandatory. The lawn should not go into the winter with a length of more than 6-7 cm, this is the maximum length of cover that is allowed to go into the winter without loss. Everything else will be monitored, and irreversible processes may start under the snow cover. Otherwise, wintering for the lawn will be problematic.
Mowing should be done at least 2 weeks before frost, and the lawn should be restored.
Aeration is necessary to ensure that the lawn receives oxygen and nutrients, as well as water. If you do not ventilate the soil in time, the lawn will look unattractive, there will be bald spots, dryness and moss. Plus, the lawn will be unstable to frost.
Properly conducted lawn aeration is the key to a beautiful lawn! It reduces the compaction of the soil in certain places, increases access to oxygen and water, as well as the flow of necessary substances to the roots. And in such lawns there will be no stagnation of water on the surface of the soil, because it will pass well into its depth.
The care of trees
Winter is coming very soon, and the work in the gardens and gardens is almost finished. It’s time to make sure that the fruit trees are warm even in the most severe frosts.
Pruning and fertilizing trees
Do not cut the trees too much in the fall – this weakens the frost resistance – they need to be dug and watered well. But fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers and organic matter should not be abused – it is enough to add a couple of handfuls of phosphorus and potash fertilizer under the trees, mixing them with the earth taken from the aisles. This mixture should be poured around the trees to a height of up to ten centimeters, without tamping. It would be good to spray the trees with Bordeaux mixture before the onset of frost – this will protect them from all sorts of fungal infections.
What to do with young trees
In young trees, you need to tie the crowns with ropes. After all, if the thaw, rain is replaced by frost or a lot of snow falls, ice formed on young branches or stuck snow can break them off.
When the autumn slush ends and dry, slightly frosty weather sets in, the ground in the trunk circles should be mulched with peat, compost, humus, straw or sand mixed with sawdust. It is better not to use fallen leaves as mulch – they can spread diseases and attract rodents. Leaves can be put under trees as an additional insulation when snow falls.
Tree trunks, especially heat-loving ones (such as peaches, apricots, etc.), should be wrapped with burlap, paper (Newspapers or old Wallpaper) or agrofibre, but not with polyethylene. After all, it does not allow any air or moisture to pass through, and at temperature changes, a tree wrapped in polyethylene can burn.
Periodically, you need to make sure that the ground under the trees is not exposed and, as necessary, add mulch and hoe with snow.
These simple manipulations will allow your garden to survive even the most severe frosts and enjoy a good harvest next year.
The shelter of grapes for the winter
In the process of preparing grapes for the winter, it is necessary to study the characteristics of this variety. After all, there are varieties that can easily tolerate frosts. And there are those that freeze before winter sets in. It is also necessary to take into account the climate, because in regions with a warm climate, frost-resistant grape bushes do not need to be wrapped.
How does the grape survive winter
When determining the winter hardiness of plants, varieties are divided into types:
Highly resistant grape varieties can withstand temperatures up to -30°. Well-resistant plants tolerate frosts up to -25°. Medium-resistant -20°, low-resistant -15 degrees, and unstable do not withstand even 10-degree frosts.
How to process grapes before winter
During preparation, the plants must be sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate. Damaged branches are treated with chemicals. Spraying increases the plant’s immunity, destroys pest larvae, and eliminates the lack of necessary trace elements.
In autumn, the grape bushes must be pruned. This can be done 2-3 weeks after the leaves fall, when the juice inside stops its movement. Young shoots that appeared at a height of up to 0.5 meters from the ground level are removed.
It is important to preserve moisture in the soil. To do this, after the last watering in October, you need to loosen the soil with the addition of moss, sawdust and spruce needles.
Materials and methods of insulation of grapes
It is best to insulate the bushes with agrofibre, since even at low temperatures it retains heat. But often, along with agrofibre, a film is used, which also perfectly preserves the plus temperature, but requires constant monitoring. During the thaw, it must be opened slightly to restore air circulation, otherwise the grapes may overheat.
At temperatures below -20 degrees, it is necessary to insulate not only the roots, but also the Bush itself. The easiest way is to dig a trench and put a vine in it. Then cover the branches with boards and dig a 20-centimeter layer of earth. But here you need to remember about rodents, for which the vine can be a treat. In this case, various traps and repellents will help.
As a shelter you can use the dry reeds with a thickness of 5-10 cm. It does not rot and rodents do not settle in it. You can also pin the vine to the ground with a thick wire and cover it with roofing material or plastic wrap. As a litter for the vine, you can use lapnik or straw with a layer thickness of about 10 cm.
Compliance with all these simple recommendations will help shrubs to survive both very cold winters and quite warm ones.
Holes in the lawn
There are holes in the lawn — it is necessary to level its relief by filling them with earth. If this is not done, then they will accumulate water from constant autumn rains, with its subsequent settling.
Proper shelter for garden strawberries
When the temperature reaches -8 °C, the heart of garden strawberries can freeze, so you need to prepare for frost properly. You don’t need to cover it up too soon. All plants, without exception, must undergo cold treatment, because this increases the immunity of plants and winter hardiness, so you can not cover them in advance.
Having covered strawberries, in any case it is impossible to make so that the usual covering material covers all” with the head ” garden strawberries.
Proper preparation of strawberries for winter includes mulching the soil around the bushes. Compost, peat or earth mixed with sand will be suitable for this issue.
If frosts occur and the air temperature decreases, but there is no snow cover, you can use oak, chestnut or hazel leaves, hay, that is, there should be a light loose material.
It is important to prepare the garden in advance for winter. It is necessary to work with trees, grapes, strawberries, lawn and others. Also, do not forget about rodents that can be bred in winter under the roots of trees or strawberries. Depending on the variety, the grapes should be sprinkled with a layer of earth and covered with agrofibre. Pruning trees in the fall is better not to do, it’s better to do it in the spring. To preserve the plants, you need to take care of them without fail.