Landscaping of a suburban area is an important task for every owner of a country house. A small pond on the plot is a bright element of the garden decor. Water plants will help to revive standing water and fit the pond into the exterior. This category includes flowers and greenery that can develop in the water or on the coastal territory. How to choose water plants for a pond in the country, we will consider in the article.
Why water plants are needed
Among the tasks of water plants, any gardener will call decorative. And indeed, an empty pond looks quite boring, and you want to enliven it with interesting fish or bright colors. In addition to the beautifying function of aquatic plants, there are also practical goals. Broad leaves cover the surface of the water, so that the reservoir does not overheat on hot days. In cool water, the growth of algae slows down, and water “blooms” are prevented. In addition, planting special plants purifies the water from carbon dioxide and organic substances, filling it with oxygen, depriving the algae of the main food. The pond remains clean, does not overgrow with mud, longer pleases you with clear water and a well-groomed view.
Types of water plants that grow in water
It is customary to distinguish 5 types of water plants.
A useful group of plants that absorb carbon dioxide and saturate water with oxygen. Thanks to these plants, the water in the pond remains clean for a long time. If you put fish in the pond, the oxygenators will become both food and a place for them to spawn. Plant the plants in baskets at the bottom in early may. The green part of these plants is slightly visible on the surface, the bulk of the plant is under water. To increase your chances of catching on, select several instances.
Rooting of plants occurs in the ground under water, on the surface of the flowering part remains. The main task of deep-sea plants is to fight algae. They remove organic matter from the water, and the large leaves shade the water from the sun, preventing it from heating up. This helps slow down the growth of algae. In addition, deep-water plants are bright and fascinating bloom.
Plants are located on the surface of the water, which is similar to deep-sea species. The difference is that they do not need to be planted, the flowers float on the water surface without restrictions. The root system adapts to the conditions and does not need soil. Minus floating plants in rapid growth, control the reproduction process, if you do not want to fill the pond with one type of flowers.
Some representatives of marsh plants are able to live in a flower bed, but most prefer highly moist soil. Plant marsh plants in shallow water, smoothing the transition from water to land.
Representatives of this species help to fit the pond into the exterior of the site. Plant coastal plants on the Bank of the pond, without touching the water. Their main task is decorative, they complete the overall appearance of the pond.
Rules for plants that can grow in water
Use the basic rules for planting water plants to make the pond unique and balanced.
Creating a full-fledged ecosystem involves filling the pond with plants from all groups, regardless of its size. In addition, planting plants on different levels makes the pond volume and complete.
If fish live in the pond, do not get carried away with the number of plants. Take up no more than half of the space with flowers.
Plant water plants directly in the ground or in containers. The choice of planting method depends on the soil and the need to limit the growth of the plant. To prevent the soil from being washed out of the pot, lay the bottom with burlap and secure with pebbles.
Fill the pond with plants gradually. The optimal time to start planting aquatic plants is April-may. First in the pond populate the oxygenators. As the water warms up, plant underwater plants next, then floating ones. When it gets warm, take care of coastal plant species.
Do not rush to settle the fish in the pond. The adaptation and rooting of aquatic plants will take at least 1-1. 5 months.
Each plant species has its own functions and tasks. With the help of a variety of plants, zoning and maintaining a full-fledged pond ecosystem is achieved. The lack of necessary plants leads to violations of the system, rapid contamination of the pond and loss of decorative appearance.