Organic gardening is a type of gardening method where synthetic products such as fertilizers and pesticides are avoided. Simply put, you will be working with nature as you raise your garden for a healthier and more natural growth.
Here are the basics of organic gardening:
- Organic Matter – Instead of using fertilizer to enrich the soil, in organic gardening you will be using organic matter. This is basically anything from grass clipping, kitchen scraps, compost, manure and even dried leaves. You can use this for your plant’s top dressing or incorporate it into the new soil.
- Soil Types – Organic gardening means knowing more about the type of soil that you have in your garden. For example clay soil can hold water better and has high amounts of nutrients but there are times when clay absorbs too much water. Sandy soil drains well but it may require some help to make it ideal for growing plants.
- Controlling Pests and Diseases – Since you won’t be using any chemicals to keep your garden free from pests and diseases, you will need to rely on old fashioned gardening techniques. You should start by being more vigilant than usual so that any signs of infection on your plants can be remedied as soon as possible. You can opt for organic pesticides but use this as a last resort. Pairing plants is a good idea to prevent pests from eating another especially when you choose a type that can repel them.
- Choosing Plants – If you want your organic garden to thrive, you need to know what type of plant best suits your soil and the weather in your area. Keep in mind that healthy plants grow better as opposed to those that are often stressed.
- Diversity – Mix the plants in your garden to create a diverse look. There are some plants that can encourage beneficial insects to come while others prevent pests from taking over your crops.
- Know Your Plants – As a gardener who will be trying organic gardening it is important that you know all there is to know about the plants that you have. This way, you will be able to spot any changes in their look to determine whether there is an infestation of pests or if it is afflicted with a disease.
Organic gardening may be hard at first especially when you have been relying on fertilizers and pesticides to keep your garden healthy. However, once you get the hang of it, you will be less dependent on chemicals which is far better to the rest of the plants in your garden.