After people began to have personal computers in their homes, it became fashionable to put cactus around them. Many believe that this plant has the ability to lower the level of harmful radiation or even absorb it. But after some time, most of the PC users began to notice that their cactus for some reason wither and die. And the thing is that despite its unpretentiousness and resistance to drought, this plant needs some care.
It should be understood that you need to take care of cactus and deciduous houseplants in different ways. If you want a cactus to become a real decoration of your apartment, then before you start it, you need to ask how to properly care for it and what can harm this unusual flower.
The homeland of cactus is America. In the wild, cactus can grow to a considerable size. Desert cactus grow and develop excellently in the harsh conditions of semi-deserts found in Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Bolivia. Forest cactus in natural conditions can be found in the tropical jungle. Desert, as well as forest cactus species, have significant differences, and in this regard, how to care for a cactus is determined by its species.
Cactus varieties indoor
At home, often grow cactus that are dwarf, they were born with the help of breeders. You can buy a huge number of miniature varieties while placing them on a few dozen on the windowsill, will not be difficult.
The most popular of the domestic desert cactus are such as: Echinocereus Knippel and comb, Cereus Peruvian, aporocactus pletevidny, Notocactus, prickly pear, rebucia dwarf, Echinopsis, Echinocactus Grusona, hamecereus Sylvester, espola woolly, Astrophytum Capricorn, parody blood-flowered and Golden-eared.
Home-grown varieties of forest cactus do not have external similarities with the usual cactus for all. In the wild, they prefer to grow under trees or on them. In the home often grow epiphyllum, rhipsalidopsis and zigokaktus.
How to care for a cactus
If you purchased this plant not to protect yourself from radiation, but to decorate the apartment, then try to choose the most suitable place for it.
Cactus varieties indoor require a large amount of sunlight. In this regard, experts recommend that they are placed on the window of the southern or eastern orientation. A variety of forest cactus, including zygocactus, it is recommended to place on the Windows of the Northern or Western orientation. If you place a Christmas tree on a window of southern orientation, its leaf plates will become faded, and between the periods of flowering and rest, failures will begin.
In summer, these plants are best taken out into the fresh air (balcony). If the apartment is very warm in the winter, then it is necessary to maintain high humidity for cactus. However, it is worth considering that in winter, almost all varieties of cactus have a period of rest. In this regard, it is recommended to move them to a cool room (from 15 to 17 degrees) and place them in partial shade or shade.
Although the plant is drought-resistant, it should not be watered at all. You can skip one watering, but it is better to carry out this procedure as necessary and do not forget that the cactus, like all other plants, needs water. For irrigation, you need to use water at room temperature, which you need to defend for a day. If possible, it is recommended to water cactus with rain or meltwater.
How often do you water a cactus
* in spring and summer ― daily or once every two days;
* autumn period-1 time in 5-7 days;
* winter period-1 time in 1-1. 5 weeks.
The main principle of watering cactus that the more abundant and more frequent watering will be, the warmer the room.
It should also be remembered that the cactus grows actively in the warm months, while it begins to bloom in the cold season. In that case, if you want your cactus to bloom, then it just needs to arrange a period of rest. The cactus feed is a very important process.
You need to transplant a cactus only when it becomes cramped in the pot. This procedure is performed in the spring when the period of intensive growth begins. For 2-3 days before the transplant, the cactus should stop watering, since the soil should freely fall off the roots. In order not to get hurt on the cactus, it should be wrapped with several layers of paper or high-density fabric.
Young specimens require an annual transplant, and those who are 3 or 4 years old need this procedure once every few years.
The container for planting should be chosen compact so that the root system fits in it, and there was no empty space. At the bottom of the pot, you need to put a drainage layer and pour a small amount of substrate. After that, you need to hold the plant with your hand and lower its roots into the container. At the same time, use the other hand to slowly pour the soil into the container until it fills the pot. In this case, the surface of the soil should be a centimeter below the edge of the container. You can not bury the base of the stem in the substrate. In order to fill the soil in the pot more tightly, you need to systematically tap on its walls. The optimal composition of the soil mixture for this plant: washed river sand, peat, leaf soil, and charcoal. The soil needs to be slightly acidic and loose. If desired, you can buy a soil mix for cactus in a special store.
Cactus can be propagated by seed, as well as processes. The second method is very simple and effective and therefore is more popular with flower growers. However, those who consider themselves a true cactus grower will definitely want to grow a cactus from seed with their own hands. However, it is worth considering that this method of reproduction is quite complex and ineffective.
For reproduction in a vegetative way, appendages are used, which are taken from adult specimens. These cuttings usually have small roots, and therefore rooting is quite fast and easy.
The seeds of these plants purchased in a special store must be disinfected by immersing them for some time in a strong solution of manganese potassium. After that, they are sprouted by placing them in a moist environment. The seeds of some types of sprouts may appear after a day, and others will need several weeks for this.
Psychologists have found that most often grow cactus those people who are dry and restrained in emotions, but in fact they are very impressionable and vulnerable.