If we decide to plant a garden on our site, then we already know exactly why we need it. If the landscape of your site is designed for recreation surrounded by flower beds, with a swimming pool, gazebos, barbecue area, and does not involve growing fruit, then the garden you will have only decorative value. For such a garden and the vegetation should be chosen for its decorative value and not for fruiting. If you are a fan of the garden in the traditional sense, like to grow fruits and berries, then you will plant trees and shrubs that bring your favorite fruits, choosing varieties with good yields and best taste.
Do not rush to buy seedlings of garden trees until you know which ones are suitable for your climate zone. Southern plants in Northern regions will not have time to Mature in a short cold summer, and in winter they will simply freeze out. Plants that are used to a humid, cool climate will dry out in the southern heat. In such conditions, it is difficult to count on a good harvest or decorative garden.
Apple tree-the basis of the garden trees
When we start talking about the garden, we first imagine Apple trees. This has already happened in our tradition, the Apple tree must be present in the garden, and at least two varieties – early, just to nibble all summer, and late autumn, so that you can store it almost until the middle of winter. There are a great many types and varieties of Apple trees, from which you can always choose some of the best ones, both in taste, yield, and beautiful appearance.
The Apple variety is determined by the height and shape of the crown, leaves and, most importantly, by the fruit-color, shape and size, taste, and even smell. The most common is considered the home of the Apple tree. In every village garden, you can find its wide crown with large leaves and fruits that reach a fairly large size. The color of apples can be green, red, or mixed. The Apple blossom is so beautiful that it is sung by many poets, inspires artists, the fragrance of flowers fills the gardens and lures bees.
Breeders continue to produce new varieties of Apple trees, although it is already possible to choose varieties based on different characteristics, including their adaptability to different climatic zones. In the Northern regions, you can also grow Apple trees, you only need to choose varieties that belong to the group called “dwarfs of Mazunin”. These Apple trees grow no more than 2 meters, in winter they are covered with snow and do not freeze. Most varieties grow, of course, in the southern regions, they have the largest and juiciest fruits. In the South, such varieties as Sinap, Fuji, Jonagold, Kandil, Golden delicious and others grow.
For lovers of decorative gardens, there are also decorative varieties of Apple trees that have original colors of flowers, leaves, and fruits. All of them are unpretentious, resistant to frost and drought, gas pollution and dust of city streets. In a country garden, they will be all the more trouble. The most decorative are considered: Apple tree plentiful, Chinese or plum Apple, Nedzvetsky Apple, purple, hybrid. To get a weeping version, graft a low Apple tree on a wild berry. All varieties are remarkably beautiful both during flowering and with fruits.
Pears-fruit for the sweet tooth
Pears are not less common than Apple trees, they also have a huge number of varieties with fruits of different tastes, shapes, and sizes. The shape of the tree’s crown and height also depend on the variety. The most common pears are pyramid-shaped with sweet juicy fruits, belonging to the class of Bera pears. No less delicious are the fruits of the bergamot and Duchess pear varieties. These varieties grow well and ripen in the southern regions. In the middle zone and in the Northern regions, you can also grow wonderful pears, if you choose specially bred frost-resistant varieties. These include pear: Chizhovsky, Rogneda, Lada and particularly resistant varieties — Prominent and Ussuri. If not too lazy to carefully choose pear varieties adapted to your region, you will be able to enjoy the lovely sweet pears and harvest them for winter fresh, dried or in jam.
Pears are rarely used for garden tree decoration, although there are some varieties of decorative pears that are remarkable for their abundant flowering and beautiful autumn foliage. Among the decorative varieties of pears, you can note the Callera pear, willow-leaved, and beach hill common pear.
Apricot-everyone’s favorite fruit garden trees
Gardeners are happy to plant apricots in their gardens, which give us delicious sweet and sour orange fruits. This is a very popular tree, its early flowering heralds the arrival of spring in the gardens. First, among the garden trees, apricots dress up in a wonderful white and pink outfit. Apricots are frost-resistant, but if their early flowering time is hit by frosts and snowfalls, you can remain without a crop. And just cold, though without frosts, does not contribute to the appearance of bees to pollinate the flowers. Therefore, apricots are common only in the southern regions, where it is already warm enough during their flowering.
Apricots are not used exclusively for decorative purposes. But you can decorate your garden in the spring with abundant beautiful blooms and, at the same time, get delicious fruits in the summer, which also look attractive on the tree.
Peach is a heat-loving sissy
Peaches are best planted only in warm and even hot areas. It does not tolerate cold winters, if your region is in a cold climate, it is better to abandon this culture. But in a suitable climate for themselves, peaches bloom with large flowers of a wonderful pink color, which are simply stunningly beautiful, and in summer the branches bend from quite large juicy and sweet fruits. Peaches are propagated mainly by seedlings, but if you germinate a bone, you can also grow a tree, although this will take more time.
Cherries and cherries are close relatives.
Cherries are one of the obligatory trees in our gardens. In addition to delicious and useful sour berries, it attracts gardeners unpretentiousness, resistance to frost, beautiful flowering. Cherry is very common in all countries, it has many varieties that differ in both berries and crown, the height of which can be dwarfed – up to 1 meter, and quite high-up to 7 meters.
The most convenient variety for harvesting and care is the colonial cherry. It has a wide crown up to one and a half meters in height, strewn with red berries. To collect a rich harvest, you do not need to install a ladder, the berries are available directly from the ground.
Cherry is a close relative of the cherry, its wild variety is also called bird cherry. There is a version that it was so named because of the high height of the crown – only birds could eat juicy berries at this height. The taste of cherries is much sweeter than that of cherries, the flesh is denser. Many varieties of cherries have been cultivated, the color of which varies from pale yellow to dark red. Cherries like warm and fertile soil.
Ripe cherry berries should be collected immediately, otherwise, they begin to fall to the ground, polluting the space under the cherry with their flesh, attracting many different insects. In addition, the seeds that fall into the soil next spring will give a lush growth of wild cherries, which does not make sense to transplant, but can only be removed.
Plums – delicious berries, fresh and in the jam
It is very pleasant to eat soft juicy plum berries in the summer heat, jam and jam have long been made from it so that in winter you can remember summer over tea with pies with sweet and sour filling.
It is no more difficult to grow plums than cherries or apricots. It tolerates winter well, especially if you choose a variety that is suitable for your area in terms of climate, soil, and humidity. Already in June and July, you will be able to collect ripe plums. If you live in the southern regions, you can grow cherry plum-a heat-loving variety of plum, with yellow-red fruits, rich in vitamins. Cherry plum ripens in August-September.
Coniferous garden trees-beauty all year round
Coniferous garden trees look equally good in the wild, and on city streets, and on the HOMESTEAD. By planting a few coniferous trees, you will create a wonderful shady area to relax in summer and a fabulous beauty in winter. You can replace them with an orchard in a landscape that does not involve growing fruit, or you can create a wonderful green background for flowering and fruiting trees. If conifers are placed on the Northside of the garden, you will protect the garden from cold North winds.
In winter, when the fruit trees will rest, the green needles will enliven your garden, and snow-covered Christmas trees and pines will create a festive new year mood.
Before planting coniferous plants, read the rules of care for them. Special attention should be paid to the process of transplanting seedlings to your site and the annual formation of the crown by pruning or pinching new branches.
Coniferous trees can be replaced or supplemented with evergreen cypress, thuja, juniper and other plants, depending on the climate of your region.
Decorative garden shrubs
There are shrubs in every garden. For some gardeners, they are a source of delicious fruits, for others, their decorative qualities are important. There are shrubs with such beautiful blooms that you need to pay attention to them.
The shrub is tender, requiring constant care, and a warm climate. The beauty of large flowers inspires artists to create paintings, poets to write poems. Southern countries use the Magnolia flower as symbols.
All parks in the southern regions and Botanical gardens try to grow different varieties of Magnolia. There are more than 200 species of Magnolia, but it is not very common here because of the unsuitable climate. There are, of course, more cold-resistant species, but not enough to withstand the harsh winters.
Roses are a symbol of beauty
Each garden is necessarily decorated with roses. If you have a rose that doesn’t grow well, you just replace it with another species, and you won’t think of giving up roses altogether. All parks, gardens, squares, and squares are decorated with rose bushes. Varieties of roses can not be listed, they are in every corner of the world. Among them, you can definitely choose a suitable variety for yourself.
In gardens, to create a romantic landscape, widely used weaving varieties of roses, which create beautiful gazebos, blooming fragrant canopies over benches and tables, they decorate fences and arches. A close relative of roses – rosehip is also a remarkably beautiful shrub used in decorative gardening, especially weaving varieties.
From the rich variety of trees and shrubs, you can create any garden to your liking. Decorative garden, fruit, mixed-any option will be perfect if the plants are selected in accordance with the conditions of your site, beautifully combined in appearance, have enough space for normal growth and development. Take care of the garden with love, and it will thank you with its wonderful beauty and rich harvests.